The relationship between parenting style and nutritional status of Child aged 12-24 months at Jelbuk Health Center, Jember Regency
Keywords:Children, parenting style, nutritional status
Children aged 12-24 months are included in the golden period of the first 1000 days of life, where their nutritional needs greatly affect growth and development in the future. The role of the mother is very influential in the upbringing and care of the child. This study aimed to determine the relationship between parenting style and nutritional status of babies aged 12-24 months at the Jelbuk Health Center, Jember Regency. The research design used was cross-sectional. The sampling technique used proportionate random sampling and obtained a total sample of 97 mothers and babies under two years. Mothers were instructed to fill out mother's parenting questionnaires. The nutritional status of children under two years is measured by weight/age indicators and interpreted based on the WHO classification of nutritional status. The child's weight was obtained using a hanging-type scale (dacin). Statistical analysis using Spearman rank with significance ≤0.05. Most children (50%) of mothers with permissive parenting are underweight, 47.1% are normal, and 2.9% are at risk of being overweight. Most children (86%) of mothers with democratic parenting have normal nutritional status, and 14% are underweight. Most children (83.3%) of mothers with authoritarian parenting have normal weight, and 16.7% are underweight. There is a relationship between parenting style and the nutritional status of children aged 12-24 months (p value = 0.001; α = 0.05). The application of democratic parenting has the potential to cause normal weight in children. Therefore, health promotion is needed about parenting by related parties to mothers of children because parenting affects eating habits that impact children's nutritional status.